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  •   State: 
    Dallas County
      County FIPS: 
    32°54′26″N 96°38′7″W
      Area total: 
    57.25 sq mi (148.29 km²)
      Area land: 
    57.13 sq mi (147.97 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.12 sq mi (0.31 km²)
    551 ft (168 m)
    1891; Incorporated 1891
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Garland, Dallas County, Texas, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,199.54 residents per square mile of area (1,621.44/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Garland is located northeast of Dallas and is a part of the DallasFort Worth metroplex. At the 2010 census, the city had a population of 226,876. In 2019, the population rose to 239,928, making it the 93rd-most populous city in the United States of America. It is the third largest city in Dallas County by population and has access to downtown Dallas via public transportation including two Dart Blue Line stations and buses. The city suffered a major blow on the night of December 26, 2015, when a large EF4 tornado struck the area moving north from Sunnyvale. At least eight fatalities were confirmed in the city from this event, and at least eight more were reported in other parts of the metroplex as a result of the EF-1 tornado on Oct. 20, 2019. It has a total area of 57.1 sq mi (2.9 km), all land in all. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Garland has a Neighborhood Area of 57 square miles (1.2 km) The city is located at 32°26'N 96°07'W (32°25'S, 96°05'E) It is located within Dallas County except for small portions located in Collin and Rockwall Counties. It was incorporated in 1891, and by 1904, the town had aPopulation of 819 people. In 1920, local businessmen financed a new electrical generator plant (sold by Fairbanks-Morse) for the town. This later led to the formation of Garland Power and Light, which still powers the city today.


Garland was incorporated in 1891. It was named after U.S. Attorney General Augustus Hill Garland. By 1950, the population of Garland exceeded 10,000 people. By 1970, the city's population had doubled to about 81,500. In the 2000s, Garland added several notable developments, mostly in the northern portion of the city. Hawaiian Falls waterpark opened in 2003. The Garland Independent School District's Curtis Culwell Center (formerly called the Special Events Center) opened in 2005. Firewheel Town Center, a Main Street-style outdoor mall, opened in October 2005. In 2009, Garland finished a public/private partnership to develop the old parking lot into a new mixed-use, transit-oriented development. On Oct. 20, 2019, an EF-1 tornado struck the area. The southeast side of Garland suffered a major blow on the night of December 26, 2015, after a large EF4 tornado hit the area, moving north from Sunnyvale. At least eight fatalities were confirmed in the city from this event. The population reached 138,850 by 1980, and it is expected to reach 140,000 by 2020. The city's largest employer is Texas Instruments, which has a plant in Garland. It is also home to the Dallas Cowboys, who play in the Texas Rangers' Texas Rangers football team. The Dallas Cowboys are the No. 1-ranked NFL team in terms of wins and losses. The Cowboys are also No. 2-ranked in the NFC East.


Garland is located at 32°5426N 96°387W (32.907325, 96.635197). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.1 sq mi (147.9 km²), all land. The average warmest month is July, with the highest recorded temperature being 111 °F (44 °C) in 2000. The maximum average precipitation occurs in May. The lowest recorded temperature is January, when the lowest recorded temperatures was 3 °F in 1989. The city is part of the humid subtropical region. It is located in the southeastern part of New Mexico, near the border with Arizona and southern New Mexico. It has a population of 1,071,000. It was the site of the U.S. Civil War, and the Battle of the Bulge, which took place between 1861 and 1865. The town was named after the town of Garland, which was founded in 1864. It's located on the banks of the Black Elk River, which flows into the Mississippi River. It also has a lake, which is a tributary of the Little Black Pearl River, and a river, which runs through the city. The Red River flows through the center of the city and into the Little Red River, where it runs into the Red River. In the city, it is also known as the "Red River River" or the "Little Red River" and is a popular tourist destination.


According to the 2020 United States census, there were 246,018 people, 75,886 households, and 56,868 families residing in the city. The 2019 census estimates placed the population at 239,928. According to the 2010 U.S. census, Garland has the 16th-largest number of Vietnamese Americans in the United States. The majority of Garland's population are affiliated with a Christian religion, being part of the largest Christian-dominated metropolitan area in theUnited States. In 2020, the composition of the city was 27.31% non-Hispanic white, 14.5% Black or Black or Native American, 1188% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 42.66% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 2.38% multiracial, and 2.3% two or more races. The median income for a household in Garland as of 2018 was $60,374. In 2018, an estimated 242,402 people, 74,489 households and 77,626 housing units were in theCity. In 2010, the racial and ethnic makeup of the City was 57.5%. The median age was 33.7 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.6 males. The average household size was 2.99, and the average family size was 3.48. At the 2018 American Community Survey, 25.9% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them and the Median age was 34.1.


Garland is Dallas County's second-largest city and the 10th-largest in the state. In the early 1980s, Garland had one of the lowest poverty rates of cities in the country. Today, Garland has a variety of industries, including electronics, steel fabrication, oilfield equipment, aluminum die casting, hat manufacture, dairy products, and food processors. According to the City of Garland's Economic Development Partnership website, the top employers in the city are: Raytheon, L3 Technologies, Baylor Scott and White, and Resistol Hats. The city's population is 180,650 and it has 2,227 businesses, making it the second largest city in Dallas County and the tenth largest in Texas. The population of Dallas County is 2.2 million, and it is the second-highest city in Texas, after Dallas, with 2.3 million. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates the city has a population of 180,000 and has a poverty rate of 8.7%. The city is home to the Dallas Cowboys, the Dallas Mavericks, the Texas Rangers, and the University of Texas at Dallas. The Dallas Cowboys won the Super Bowl in 2004 and the World Series in 2008. The Texas Rangers won the World Cup in 2008 and the 2010 World Series. The World Series was the first to be held in Dallas since the city's admission to the Olympics in 1988. The Cowboys won their first World Series title in 1988 and their second in 2000. The last World Series took place in 1998 and 2000.

Arts and culture

Garland is home to numerous historic and recent entertainment venues. The Pace House was the original home of John H. Pace and his wife; it was built in the Queen Anne-style architecture. Historic Downtown Garland was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 2017. The Nicholson Memorial Library System is also the Major Resource Center, or headquarters, of the Northeast Texas Library System (NETLS). NETLS serves a 33-county area that includes 105 member libraries. The Atrium at the Granville Arts Center is a 6,500-square-foot (600 m2) ballroom encased in glass on two sides and opening onto an elegant outdoor courtyard. On May 9, 1927, a tornado destroyed much of the city and killed 17 people, including a former mayor, S. E. Nicholson. On that day, the Nicholson Memorial library system opened in his honor. It has been housed in NMLS' Central Library since 1983. The Garland Landmark Museum, housed in the former 1901 Santa Fe depot, is a museum of historical artifacts and documents representing the period from 1850 to the present. Travis College Hill was platted in January 1913 by developer R.O. Travis; it consists of 12 homes whose period of significance is 1913 to 1960. The city's downtown square and surrounding buildings became the second site in Garland added to the listing of the National Park Service two months later. It is also home to the National Museum of American History, which is housed in a former railroad depot.

Parks and recreation

Garland includes over 2,880 acres (1,170 ha) of park land, six recreation centers, and 63 parks. The city is home to the National Park Service, which has over 1,170 acres of land. It is the largest park service in the United States, with 63 parks and 6 recreation centers. The town is also home to a number of cultural institutions, including the National Museum of American History and the Museum of Nature and Science, which is located in the city's downtown area. It also has a large number of public parks, including six of its own, as well as several others in the surrounding area, which are open to the public for public use.


The city of Garland is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association. The Parkland Health & Hospital System (Dallas County Hospital District) operates the Garland Health Center. The Texas Department of Public Safety operates the Region I office in Garland. The U.S. Postal Service operates theGarland, Kingsley, and North Garland post offices. The Dallas II District Parole Offices in Garland are operated by the Department of Criminal Justice. The city is part of the Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport. It is located in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metropolitan Statistical Area (DMA), which includes the cities of Dallas, Fort Worth, and Austin. The DMA has a population of more than 1.2 million. It also includes the town of Kingsley and the towns of North Garland and West Garland. It has an estimated population of 1.3 million. The City of Garland has a history of being involved in politics. It was founded in 1881. It became a city in 1883. It received its ISO 9001:2008 license in 1894. It had its first post office in 1891. It opened its first public library in 1892. In 1894, it became the first city in Dallas County to have a post office. In 1896, it was the second city in the county. It joined the DMA in 1887. In 1901, it received its DMA license to operate as a city. In 1904, it joined the Dallas County Hospital System, which is based in Dallas, Texas.


Most of Garland is in the Garland Independent School District (GISD) Parts of Garland extend into other districts, including the Dallas, Mesquite, and Richardson Independent School districts. Dallas County residents are zoned to Dallas College (formerly Dallas County Community College or DCCCD) Richland College, a member of Dallas College, states, operates a Garland Campus which has been in operation since June 30, 2009. Amberton University, a fully accredited private university with both undergraduate and graduate degree programs, is located in Garland. The city also has a Pre-K12 Islamic school, Brighter Horizons Academy. The 2006 GISD property tax rate was $1.5449 per hundred dollars of assessed property value. As of November 2006, the G ISD had 52,391 students and 3,236 teachers, for an average ratio of 16.2 students per teacher.Garland is also the home of private Christian school, Garland Christian Academy, which was founded in 1972. It is also known for its vocational cosmetology program, South Garland High School, and its international baccalaureate program, Naaman Forest, Rowlett, and Sachse High Schools. It also has an elementary school, O. Henry Elementary, and a middle school, Vanston Middle School, which are in the Mesquite ISD portion of Garland. It has a high school, North Garland High, which is home to the district's math, science and technology magnet school, and Lakeview Centennial High School is the "College and Career" magnet school.


The city of Garland has a lower than average percentage of households without a car. Interstate 30 is a major eastwest interstate that runs through the south side of Garland. Interstate 635 (Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway) is an auxiliary interstate serving as a partial loop around Dallas and its suburbs. About 1.3 percent of Garland residents commuted to work by bicycle, taxi, motorcycle, or some other means, while 3.5 percent worked out of the home. Garland/DFW Heloplex was the first municipal heliport in Texas when it opened in November 1989. The city's municipal utility, Garland Power and Light (GP&L), operates the city's water system and waste services. Garland is an original member city of the North Texas Municipal Water District (NTMWD) It has two gas-fired generating plants which have combined capacity of 640 megawatts. In addition to the Texas Municipal Power Agency, which operates the 462-megawatt Garland Municipal Utility Agency, the city also has the Dallas/Fort Worth Light Rail Line and the Dallas, Garland and Northeastern Railroad line. It is the fourth-largest municipal utility in Texas, making it the fourth largest in the nation in terms of customers. It has a population of 4.4 million people, the third-largest city in Texas after Dallas and Austin, and the sixth-largest in the U.S. behind Houston and San Antonio. It was founded in 1923 to provide residents with residents with reliable, high quality, affordable water.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Garland, Dallas County, Texas = 32.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 88. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 12. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Garland = 5.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 246,018 individuals with a median age of 34 age the population grows by 2.13% in Garland, Dallas County, Texas population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,199.54 residents per square mile of area (1,621.44/km²). There are average 2.99 people per household in the 73,301 households with an average household income of $53,630 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.80% of the available work force and has dropped -1.43% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 28.34%. The number of physicians in Garland per 100,000 population = 225.3.


The annual rainfall in Garland = 38 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 73. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 228. 95 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 31.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 25, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Garland, Dallas County, Texas which are owned by the occupant = 62.61%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 30 years with median home cost = $101,570 and home appreciation of -5.03%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $17.84 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,009 per student. There are 15.9 students for each teacher in the school, 554 students for each Librarian and 442 students for each Counselor. 6.52% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 16.33% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.03% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Garland's population in Dallas County, Texas of 1,595 residents in 1900 has increased 154,24-fold to 246,018 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.84% female residents and 50.16% male residents live in Garland, Dallas County, Texas.

    As of 2020 in Garland, Dallas County, Texas are married and the remaining 39.64% are single population.

  • 30.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Garland require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.76% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.94% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.94% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.40% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Garland, Dallas County, Texas, 62.61% are owner-occupied homes, another 33.12% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.28% are vacant.

  • The 53.08% of the population in Garland, Dallas County, Texas who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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