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Bismarck

City of Bismarck

  •   State: 
    North Dakota
      County: 
    Burleigh County
      City: 
    Bismarck
      County FIPS: 
    38015
      Coordinates: 
    46°48′30″N 100°47′1″W
      Area total: 
    34.80 sq mi
      Area land: 
    34.69 sq mi (89.83 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.50 sq mi (1.29 km²)
      Elevation: 
    1,745 ft (532 m)
      Established: 
    1872
  •   Latitude: 
    46,7947
      Longitude: 
    -100,7573
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Bismarck, ND
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    58501
    58502
    58503
    58504
    58505
    58506
    58507
      GMAP: 

    Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota, United States

  •   Population: 
    73,622
      Population density: 
    2,122.59 residents per square mile of area (819.54/km²)
      Household income: 
    $48,606
      Households: 
    26,032
      Unemployment rate: 
    2.70%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.54%

Bismarck was founded by European-Americans in 1872 on the east bank of the Missouri River. It has been North Dakota's capital city since 1889 when the state was created from the Dakota Territory and admitted to the Union. The city's population was 73,622 in the 2020 census, while its metropolitan population was 133,626. The North Dakota State Capitol complex is just north of downtown. The 19-story Art Deco building is the tallest building in the state, at a height of 241.75 feet (73.69 m) The capitol building towers over the city's center and is easily seen on a clear day. In 2020, Forbes magazine ranked Bismarack as the seventh fastest-growing small city in the United States. The state government employs more than 4,600 in the city. As a hub of retail and health care, it is the economic center of south-central North Dakota and north-central South Dakota. It is the only U.S. state capital named for a foreign statesman. The historic Mandan Native American tribe occupied the area long before Europeans arrived. In 1872 European Americans founded a settlement at what was then called Missouri Crossing, so named because the Lewis and Clark Expedition crossed the river there on their exploration of the Louisiana Purchase. It had been an area of Mandan settlement. Later the new town was called Edwinton, after Edwin Ferry Johnson, engineer-in-chief for the Northern Pacific Railway. The discovery of gold in the nearby Black Hills of South Dakota the following year was a greater impetus for growth.

History

Bismarck is the primary city name, but also Lincoln are acceptable city names or spellings, Livona on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Bismarck. In 1872 European Americans founded a settlement at what was then called Missouri Crossing, so named because the Lewis and Clark Expedition crossed the river there. Later the new town was called Edwinton, after Edwin Ferry Johnson, engineer-in-chief for the Northern Pacific Railway. In 1873, the northern Pacific Railway renamed the city Bismarck in honor of German chancellor Otto von Bistarck. It became a freight-shipping center on the "Custer Route" from the Black Hills. In 1889 it was designated as the state capital of the new state of North Dakota. It is the only U.S. state capital named for a foreign statesman. The historic Mandan Native American tribe occupied the area long before Europeans arrived. Thousands of miners came to the area, encroaching on what the Lakota considered sacred territory and leading to heightened tensions with the Native Americans. The Hidatsa name is mirahacii arumaaguash ("Place of the tall willows") and the Arikara name is ituhtaáwe [itUhtAáwe]. It is also known as the "City of the Tall Willows" and as "The City of the Big Trees" by the Dakota Indians. It was the site of the Battle of the Custer River in 1879. The city was named after the legendary Custer, who was killed by Native Americans in 1858. The town is located on the banks of the Missouri River.

Geography

The city has developed around downtown Bismarck, the center of historic development. It is distinctive because the city's major shopping center, Kirkwood Mall, is in the city center rather than in the suburbs. The North Dakota State Capitol complex is the tallest building in the state, at a height of 241.75 feet (73.69 m) The Cathedral District, named after the Art Deco Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, is an historic neighborhood near downtown. The warmest month in Bistarck is July, with a daily mean of 71.3 °F (21.8 °C), with typically wide variations between day and night. The coldest month is January, with an average 24-hour average of 12.8°F (10.7 °C) The city is located in the middle of the Great Plains, between the geographic centers of the United States and Canada. It has a highly variable four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa/Dfb), characterized by very cold, somewhat dry, snowy, and windy winters, and warm, humid summers. Thunderstorms occur in spring and summer, but much of the rest of the year is dry. After the completion of Garrison Dam in 1953 by the Army Corps of Engineers, which improved flood control, the floodplain of the Missouri River became a more practical place for development on the south side of the city. The Upper Missouri River is still subject to seasonal flooding, but it is less severe than in previous years.

Demographics

As of the census of 2020, there were 73,622 people and 32,044 households residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 89.8% White, 2.7% African American, 4.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, and 1.8%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 56.1% were of German, 20.5%. were of Norwegian, 7.2% were. of Irish, 6.7%, were of Russian, 3.7%) were of American, and 3.6% of English descent. There were 27,263 households, of which 27% had children under the age of 18 living with them (the lowest percentage in North Dakota), 44.1%. were married couples living together, 9.6%. had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.7%. were non-families. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was2.82. The median income for a household was $51,477 and for a family was $33,804. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males, and for every 100 males there were 91.8 males. The city has a population density of 1,986.1 inhabitants per square mile (766.8/km²). There were 28,648 housing units at an average density of 928.6 per squaremile (358.5/km 2).

Economy

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the largest employers in the city are the following: The city's largest employers are: the hospital, police department, fire department, and city hall. The city is home to a number of businesses that have been in operation for more than 100 years. The largest employer is the hospital; the second largest is the fire department; the third is the police department; and the fourth is the mayor's office. The fifth and sixth biggest employers are the hospital and fire department. The seventh and seventh largest are the police and fire departments; the seventh and eighth are the fire and ambulance departments. The eighth and ninth largest employers include the city council, which is made up of the mayor, police chief, fire chief, and mayor-elect. The sixth largest employers is the state legislature; the ninth is the city hall; the sixth is the library; the eighth is the school district; the tenth is the community center; the eleventh is the high school; the final is the local government; the city is the town's library, which has been open since 1881; the fifth is the public library. The ninth is a private school. The tenth is a community center, which was founded in 1881. The final is a public library; it was established in 1883. The last is a branch of the library in 1891. The town's largest employer was the city library. It was the first public library, founded by the city fathers in 1894.

Arts and culture

The Belle Mehus Auditorium, named after a local piano teacher, is a 1914 historic building in downtown Bismarck. The Missouri Valley Chamber Orchestra, founded in 2000, is the community's newest orchestra and performs a variety of musical genres. The Gannon and Elsa Forde Art Galleries are at Bismarsarck State College. Bisticarck libraries include Bismareck Veterans Memorial Public Library and North Dakota State Library. The Capitol Shakespeare Society, Sleepy Hollow Summer Theatre, the Shade Tree Players children's theater group, Dakota Stage Ltd, University of Mary, and various high school groups are among the theater companies in the area. The town is home to the North Dakota Museum of History and Art, which was founded in 1875. The Bismaringe Museum of Art is a museum dedicated to the history of the state and the region. It is located in the town's downtown area and is open to the public on weekdays. The museum is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., and has a collection of more than 2,000 works of art. The city's library system is run by the Bistarck Public Library, which has two branches: the veterans memorial library and the state library. The community also has its own museum of history and art, which is located on the city's downtown square. The library is open on the second floor of a building that dates back to the 18th century. It was the site of the first public library in the city, built in 1876.

Sports

High school and college sports are the main feature of the local athletics landscape. Bismarck is the host city of the world's largest charity softball tournament, the Sam McQuade Sr. Softball Tournament. The Dakota Wizards were the 2006-2007 champions of the NBA D-League, their first season in the league. The city has been the home of two professional indoor football teams, but both teams left the city soon after they were formed. It is also the home to the Northwoods League expansion baseball team, the BISMarck Larks, which have played their home games at the Bisticarck Municipal Ballpark since 2017. It has been home to a professional rodeo since the Fourth of July holiday, when rodeos take place in Mandan and Bistarck. It also has American Legion baseball, auto racing, and softball teams in the spring and summer. The town is home to several high schools and colleges, including St. Mary's Central High School and The University of Mary, which both have football teams. It once had a professional baseball team called the Dakota Rattlers, but the team moved to Minot after several seasons in Bismorck. The Bismrck Bobcats hockey team of the North American Hockey League is made up of junior players (age twenty and younger, sometimes age twenty-one if waived). The Bobcats won back-to-back Borne Cup championships as members of the America West Hockey League before merging into the NAHL in 2003.

Parks and recreation

The Bismarck Parks and Recreation District, established in 1927, operates many parks, swimming pools, and several golf courses within the city. Sertoma Park stretches more than 3 miles (4.8 km) along the banks of the Missouri River. The World War I Memorial Building, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and operated by the recreation district, serves as a community gymnasium and was recognized by a 100 Cities 100 Memorials grant in 2018. There are five golf courses: four 18-hole courses (Apple Creek Country Club, Hawktree Golf Club, Riverwood Golf Course, and Tom O'Leary Golf Course), and one nine-hole course (Pebble Creek Golf Course).Hunting and fishing are popular in the area, with hunting seasons for deer, pheasant, and waterfowl. Fishing is a year-round sport on the Missouri river bordering Bismerck, and there are public docks on the river. In February 2007, Bistarck broke the record for the most snow angels made in one place. A total of 8,962 participants came to the capitol grounds for the event. The city has a large park system and an extensive network of exercise trails. The Dakota Zoo has several miles of biking trails and the park is home to the world-renowned Sertomas Park. The Bismorck Zoo has a zoo that is open to the public and offers a variety of activities for children.

Government

Bismarck operates under the city commission style of municipal government. Citizens elect four commissioners on an at-large basis for terms of four years. The commission exercises both legislative and executive powers, with each commissioner exercising oversight over several city departments. The mayor, also elected at- Large, serves as president of the commission and has few powers over and above his fellow commissioners. The city commission meets every second and fourth Tuesday of each month. It has a limit of three consecutive terms, with a maximum of four terms. The current mayor is Mike Schmitz, who has been in office since 2007. The commissioners serve four-year terms, and the mayor has a maximum term of three years. It is the first time the city has had a city commission in more than a century. It also is the only city in the state to have a mayor who is also a former mayor of a major college or university. It was the first city in North Dakota to have such a mayor in the 1970s and 1980s, and it's the only state in the U.S. that has had so many mayors in the 1990s and 2000s. It's also the first state in which the mayor is a former college or University of North Dakota student, as well as a former state senator and assemblyman. It will be the fourth state in a row to have an openly gay mayor, which is a first for the state. The last state to do so was South Dakota, which has had two openly gay mayors since 1998.

Education

The Bismarck Public Schools system educates 13,350 students and employs 1,500 people. St. Mary's Grade School, founded in 1878, is the oldest continuously operating elementary school in North Dakota. The University of Mary is a four-year university, operated by the Benedictine Sisters of Annunciation Monastery. Sanford Health, formerly Medcenter One, operates a nursing school that offers a Bachelor of Science in nursing. The city has three private high schools: the Catholic St.Mary's Central High School, Shiloh Christian School, and Dakota Adventist Academy. There are three colleges and a university in Bismrck. The City has a two-year tribal college, United Tribes Technical College, which offers two- and four year degree-granting programs. It is located just north of the medical center in central Bistarck, near the city's downtown area. It also has a public high school, Century High, and one alternative high school. It has three Catholic parishes, St. Anne's, Cathedral Grade School and St. Mary's, which operate primary schools (kindergarten through eighth grade) The city also has three public middle schools (Simle, Wachter, Horizon) and three public high schools (Century High, Legacy High School and BismArck High) It has one private school, Dakota Adventists Academy, which is operated by Protestants. It was founded by the Daughters of Mary of the Rock in the 17th century.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota = 98.4. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Bismarck = 3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 73,622 individuals with a median age of 36.5 age the population grows by 7.05% in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,122.59 residents per square mile of area (819.54/km²). There are average 2.2 people per household in the 26,032 households with an average household income of $48,606 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 2.70% of the available work force and has dropped -3.14% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 31.02%. The number of physicians in Bismarck per 100,000 population = 365.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Bismarck = 16.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 44.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 96. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 202. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and -1.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota which are owned by the occupant = 61.58%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 31 years with median home cost = $166,320 and home appreciation of 2.07%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $18.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,805 per student. There are 8.4 students for each teacher in the school, 336 students for each Librarian and 424 students for each Counselor. 11.26% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.66% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.79% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Bismarck's population in Burleigh County, North Dakota of 3,319 residents in 1900 has increased 22,18-fold to 73,622 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.18% female residents and 48.82% male residents live in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota.

    As of 2020 in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota are married and the remaining 43.56% are single population.

  • 15.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Bismarck require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    84.85% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.22% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.53% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.33% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota, 61.58% are owner-occupied homes, another 35.04% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.39% are vacant.

  • The 75.81% of the population in Bismarck, Burleigh County, North Dakota who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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