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New Mexico

  •   State: 
    New Mexico
    31°20′ N to 37°N | 103° W to 109°3′ W
      Area total: 
    121,591 sq mi (314,915 km²) [77,819,687.680 acres]
      Area land: 
    121,298 sq mi (314,161 km²) [77,639,601.920 acres]
      Area water: 
    0.24% = 292 sq mi (757 km²) [180,085.760 acres]
    13,161 ft (4,011.4 m) Wheeler Peak
    January 6, 1912 (47nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 

    Santa Fe

  • New Mexico, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    17.2/sq mi (6.62/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $122,115 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 0.48% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 0.47% from 2021.  10.6% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  12,532. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  2.5%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $57,792 respectively per capita 2023 = $58,716.
      Housing units: 
    956,778 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 1.7% increase compared to 2020, specifically 15,918 more housing units.

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México (itself established as a province of New Spain in 1598), while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km²), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate. The economy of New Mexico is dependent on oil drilling, mineral extraction, dryland farming, cattle ranching, lumber milling, and retail trade. As of 2016–2017, its total gross domestic product (GDP) was $95 billion with a GDP per capita of $45,465. New Mexico's status as a tax haven yields low to moderate personal income taxes on residents and military personnel, and gives tax credits and exemptions to favorable industries. Because of this, its film industry has grown and contributed $1.23 billion to its overall economy. With a total area of 121,699 square miles (315,200 km²), the state is the fifth-largest state of the US, and slightly larger than British Isles.

As shown in the given New Mexico location map that New Mexico is located in the south-western region of the United States. New Mexico map also illustrates that it shares its border with Arizona in the west, Utah in the north-west, Colorado in the north, Oklahoma in the north-east, and Texas in the east and south-east. Besides, it also shares its international boundary with Mexico in the south.

The capital city of New Mexico is Santa Fe; however, the largest city is Albuquerque. Other important cities in the state are - Las Cruces, Rio Rancho, Roswell, and Farmington. The climate type of state ranges from semi-arid to arid; nevertheless, in some parts of the state, the climate type ranges from continental to alpine.

Moreover, the important economic sectors of the economy in the state are: Oil and gas production, tourism, and the federal government’s spending over other sectors. Besides, Government’s policies also promote other services in the state.

Picture sand that looks like snow. It exists at White Sands National Monument in New Mexico! It's especially fun to 'surf' down the dunes - it's like sledding sans cold weather!

The US State New Mexico occupies 314,161 m², about 3,43 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State New Mexico with 2,088,070 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 14,79 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 785,176 fewer people. The capital Santa Fe alone has 83,875 inhabitants.

Santa Fe became the capital of the Territory of New Mexico in 1851 and remained its capital when it achieved statehood in 1912. Albuquerque has approximately 559,277 residents.

New Mexico's eastern border lies along 103°W longitude with the state of Oklahoma, and (due to a 19th-century surveying error) 2.2 miles (3.5 kilometres) west of 103°W longitude with Texas. On the southern border, Texas makes up the eastern two-thirds, while the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora make up the western third, with Chihuahua making up about 90% of that. The western border with Arizona runs along the 109° 03'W longitude. The southwestern corner of the state is known as the Bootheel. The 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. The states of New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and Utah come together at the Four Corners in New Mexico's northwestern corner. New Mexico has almost no natural water sources. Its surface water area is about 250 square miles (650 km²). The New Mexican landscape ranges from wide, rose-colored deserts to broken mesas to high, snow-capped peaks. Despite New Mexico's arid image, heavily forested mountain wildernesses cover a significant portion of the state, especially towards the north. The Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the southernmost part of the Rocky Mountains, run roughly north–south along the east side of the Rio Grande in the rugged, pastoral north. The most important of New Mexico's rivers are the Rio Grande, Pecos, Canadian, San Juan, and Gila. The Rio Grande is tied for the fourth-longest river in the United States. The U.S. government protects millions of acres of New Mexico as national forests. The climate of New Mexico is generally semiarid to arid, though areas of continental and alpine climates exist, and its territory is mostly covered by mountains, high plains, and desert. The Great Plains (High Plains) are in eastern New Mexico, similar to the Colorado high plains in eastern Colorado. The two states share similar terrain, with both having plains, mountains, basins, mesas, and desert lands. New Mexico's statewide average precipitation is 13.9 inches (350 mm) a year, with average monthly amounts peaking in the summer, as at Albuquerque, and Las Cruces in the south.

New Mexico is known under different nicknames; aka Land of Enchantment, or Land of Sunshine (predates "Land of Enchantment"; this earlier nickname highlighted the large percentage of sunshine received statewide) and detailed official information about New Mexico can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in New Mexico, NM about 367,050 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 17.7% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in New Mexico are about 508,523 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $54,304 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $52,878, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $55,730 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in New Mexico = 83. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 46. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 85. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in New Mexico = 6.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in New Mexico = 13.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 19.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 56. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 278. 88.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 19.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 65, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 2,117,522 individuals with a median age of 35.7 age the population grows by 10.19% in New Mexico population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 17.2/sq mi (6.62/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.47 people per household in the 762,688 households with an average household income of $51,945 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.50% of the available work force and has dropped -4.33% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.84%. The number of physicians in New Mexico per 100,000 population = 196.6.

The percentage of housing units in New Mexico which are owned by the occupant = 61.49%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 27 years with median home cost = $153,250 and home appreciation of -4.49%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.47 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $5,490 per student. There are 16.7 students for each teacher in the school, 672 students for each Librarian and 689 students for each Counselor. 6.03% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 13.87% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.92% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • New Mexico's population of 91,874 residents in 1870 has increased 10,84-fold to 2,117,522 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 50.69% female residents and 49.31% male residents live in New Mexico, USA.

    As of 2020, 55.47% in New Mexico are married and the remaining 44.53% are single population.

  • 24.1 minutes is the average time that residents in New Mexico require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.15% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.64% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.76% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.19% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in New Mexico, 61.49% are owner-occupied homes, another 12.95% are rented apartments, and the remaining 25.55% are vacant.

  • 56.25% of the population in New Mexico who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 41.780%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 56.910%) of those eligible to vote in New Mexico.

Skyline of New Mexico

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